S.S. AMERICA, S.S. UNITED STATES sailing on the 'All American' team to Europe

S.S. America

America the beautiful.

The great ocean liners have an ability to transcend their innate body of steel, wood and mechanicals and develop a persona that draws passengers year after year. Launched in 1939, the S.S. America was thought by many to be the perfect ocean liner, not to big so as to Americasailsout2 copyoverwhelm, not to flashy or pretentious so as to intimidate. She  charmed her passengers with a comfortable interiors that combined  warmth and sophistication, without being stuffy, beauty and grace without the glitz and glitter.

Seen from afar, her two great red white and blue stacks, canted aft gave her a modern jaunty American look. Up close, standing near the bow, looking down her long sleek black hull and up to the top of her ten decks she appeared immense, and capable of sailing safely through any North Atlantic storm.

The America has a great story to tell and the following pages will be enjoyed bty those who sailed on her – and those who wish they had.

 

  • More than 30,000 spectators gathered at Newport News Shipbuilding's Shipway #8 on Aug. 31, 1939 to witness the christening of the SS America -- the largest merchant vessel then yet built in the United States. Dubbed the "Queen of the Seas." Photo the Daily Press Archives
  • Baptism by champagne. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt winds up the swing
  • And scores a clean hit
 dAILY PRESS Link to launch pictures.

 

THE S S AMERICA THE MANY LIVES OF A GREAT SHIP.

 

FROM AMERICA TO WEST POINT 1939 – 1946

August 31, 1939, Newport News Va…  Over 30,000 spectators showed up at the Newport News Shipyard. Americans were proud of their new ocean liner. A sailing ambassador the new ship represented the best of the nation’s technology, art, style and way of life at a time when ocean liners were objects  of national pride.

Above the crowd newsreel cameras jostled for position and, across the country, radio listeners tuned in the live broadcast offered by three national radio networks.  At 11:50 AM the tide crested in the James River and with the words ‘ I Christen Thee America”, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt  smashed  a bottle of Ohio Champagne against the bow and sent the new ocean liner sliding down the way.

This auspicious beginning was immediately overshadowed by world events. The day after the America was launched; Nazi Germany invaded Poland and engulfed the world in war. After a brief cruising career the new ship was converted to the troopship USS West Point. Her speed was her most valuable asset and she spent the war years delivering thousands of troops around the globe.

Photo from the Harry T Wildman collection

Photo from the Harry T Wildman collection

THE QUEEN OF THE MERCHANT MARINE 1946 = 1964

A meticulous, multi-million dollar restoration commenced immediately after the war, one benefiting her peacetime role as “Queen of the American Merchant Marine.” After sailing proudly and majestically into New York harbor on November 10,1946, SS America finally began her long delayed transatlantic career. Her 18 service with United States Lines ended in November 1964. In peacetime she transported over 500,000 passengers safely, and elegantly, while steaming over 2.8 million nautical miles in the process.

America 1.2

The AUSTRALIAN MAIDEN – SS AUSTRALIS 1964 -1978.

Sold to the Greek Chandris Lines for use in emigrant service from England to Australia and New Zealand. Renamed Australis, her superstructure was extended and passenger capacity doubled. For comfort sailing through the tropics a  large outdoor swimming pool and air-conditioned were added . The “Australian Maiden” completed 62 global voyages (1965-1977) transporting over 300,000 hopeful souls to a new life.

The Australian maiden - SS Australis 1964 -1978

america venturet

AN UPTOWN GIRL DOWN ON HER LUCK.. 1978-1980

In 1978. Chandris sold the Australis to a group of travel agents. Renamed  America, she sailed on cruises to ‘nowhere’ out of New York. No where is where the business venture went. After two disastrous sailings the inexperienced owners abandoned the ship. Chandris Lines bought the ship back at a bankruptcy auction. Renamed Italis she sailed with her badly corroded forward funnel removed, giving the ship a stunted look.

Italis1979

Italis1979

At 40 years of age the old girl had a hard time keeping up with the newer ships. Although the public rooms were still grand, other areas were not at all up to current cruise ship standards. Many of the cabins were in a deteriorated state, and a bent propeller sent pulsating vibration through the lower decks. In 1979, after 40 years of carrying passengers she sailed into retirement.

From graveyard to breakup 1980-1994

For the next ten years the Ex America, West Point, Australis, America 2, and Italis languished with the other rusting hulks in the “Graveyard of Abandonment” at Elefsina Greece. In late 1992, ambitious plans to convert her to a five star hotel were announced. Renamed American Star, she left under tow for Thailand, but severed weather off the Canary Islands caused her towline to break. On January 18, 1994 she ran hard aground and ultimately broke in half, a sad end to her long, glorious and storied career.

Phil Dumelow dated 4/18/04.

Phil Dumelow dated 4/18/04.

S.S. AmericaAT A GLANCE
Launched1939
Retired from US Lines1965
ShipyardNewport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock co
Naval ArchitectsGibbs & Cox, New York
Interior ArchitectsEggers & Higgins, New York
Interior DesignSmyth,Urquart,Marckwald, NY
Full Displacement, tons35440
Length723 ft
Breadth93' 6"
Number of Decks10
Public Spaces23
Service speed22 knots
Maximum speed25 knots
First class passengers519
Cabin class passengers414
Tourist class passengers116
Crew675

The Many lives of a great ship.

NameYearsOwners
SS America1939-1941United States Lines
USS West Point1941Naval Transport Service
USS West Point1942-1946United States Navy
SS America1946-1964United States Lines
SS Australis1964-1978Okeania, S.A. a subsidiary of Chandris Lines
SS America1978America Cruise Lines, later Venture Cruise
SS Italis1978-1980Chandris Lines
SS Noga1980-1984Inter Commerce Corporation
SS Alferdoss1984-1993Silver Moon Ferries
SS American Star1993-1994Chaophraya Development and Transportation LTD.